Valve Disease Guide from University Health Network Canada

The University Health Network (UHN) in Canada created a guide for valve disease patients that explains how heart valves work, describes risk factors and causes of valve disease, lists symptoms and consequences of untreated valve disease, and provides treatment options including medications and valve surgery. Regarding valve replacement surgeries, the guide also outlines pros and cons of tissue vs. mechanical valve replacements, lists possible risks and complications of surgery, and explains what to expect after surgery.

Download the guide here.